WSET Studies – Vine Training

Refers to the permanent wood of the vine:

Head Training – relatively little permanent wood – some only have a trunk. They can be spur pruned or

replacement cane pruned.

Cordon Training – Typically have a trunk with one or more permanent horizontal arms or cordons. The

vines are usually spur pruned.

Cordon training takes longer to establish because of the greater amount of wood. But a permanent sturdy

cordon with shoots positioned along it makes mechanisation easier to achieve.

Low trained to benefit from heat retained by the soil, or high trained to avoid frost.

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